Security Updates Exchange 2013-2019 (Jan2023)


The Exchange product group released January updates for Exchange Server 2013, 2016 and 2019.

The vulnerabilities addressed in these Security Updates are:

VulnerabilityCategorySeverityRating
CVE-2023-21764Elevation of PrivilegeImportantCVSS:3.1 7.8 / 6.8
CVE-2023-21763Elevation of PrivilegeImportantCVSS:3.1 7.8 / 6.8
CVE-2023-21745SpoofingImportantCVSS:3.1 8.8 / 7.9
CVE-2023-21762SpoofingImportantCVSS:3.1 8.0 / 7.0
CVE-2023-21761Information DisclosureImportantCVSS:3.1 7.5 / 6.5

The Security Updates for each Exchange Server version are linked below. Note that only CVE-2023-21762 applies to Exchange Server 2013:

ExchangeDownloadBuildKBSupersedes
Exchange 2019 CU12Download15.2.1118.21KB5022193KB5019758
Exchange 2019 CU11Download15.2.986.37KB5022193KB5019758
Exchange 2016 CU23Download15.1.2507.17KB5022143KB5019758
Exchange 2013 CU23Download15.0.1497.45KB5022188KB5019758

In case you are wondering why Exchange Server 2016 CU22 is not mentioned: CU22 went out of support, and only CU23 will continue to receive security updates. On another note, Exchange 2013 support will end in April, 2023, meaning it it will stop receiving security updates. Recommendation is to upgrade to a more recent version.

Payload Serialization Signing
Apart from fixing security issues, these SUs also introduce support for certificate-based signing of PowerShell serialization payloads. TLDR; it allows for signing data to identify possible tampering. More info on the topic here. The process is explained at https://aka.ms/HC-SerializedDataSigning. In order to verify or configure signing, a script has been published here, or check here if you prefer manual steps. Note that all your Exchange servers need to run this SU before you enable signing, as each Exchange server needs to understand the signing.

Other Issues
Apart from security fixes, these SUs also fix the following:

Issue Ex2013Ex2016Ex2019
Store Worker Process stops and returns “System.NullReferenceExceptions” multiple times per dayYesYes
Can’t record or play in Exchange Unified MessagingYesYes
Exchange Application log is flooded with Event ID 6010Yes

Security updates are Cumulative Update level specific. You cannot apply the update for Exchange 2019 CU12 to Exchange 2019 CU11. When downloading, the security update will carry the same name for different Cumulative Updates, and I would suggest tagging the file name with the CU level when archiving it, e.g. Exchange2019-CU12-KBXXXXXX-x64-en.msp.

Exchange servers running as part of hybrid deployment are managed through PowerShell, and thus need to be receive this patch and eventually be enabled for payload signing. If you are running Exchange 2019 Management Tools-only (for recipient management), you do not need to deploy this SU.

On a final note, as with any patch or update, Iā€™d recommend to apply this in a test environment first, prior to implementing it in production. However, it is not recommended to wait for regular maintenance cycles when it concerns security updates, and follow a more agile approach; the ratings are an indication of the urgency.

Security Updates Exchange 2013-2019 (Nov2022)


The Exchange product group released November updates for Exchange Server 2013, 2016 and 2019. Note that these Security Updates address the vulnerabilities CVE-2022-41040 and CVE-2022-41082 that were reported end of September. More on those in an earlier post.

Note: You can keep the current URLScan mitigations in-place, and remove them after installing these security updates at your convenience. The recommendation to disable Remote PowerShell for non-admins is upheld, but this is best practice regardless.

The vulnerabilities addressed in these Security Updates are:

VulnerabilityCategorySeverityRating
CVE-2022-41040Elevation of PrivilegeCriticalCVSS:3.1 8.8 / 7.9
CVE-2022-41082Elevation of PrivilegeImportantCVSS:3.1 8.8 / 8.3
CVE-2022-41078Elevation of PrivilegeImportantCVSS:3.1 8.0 / 7.0
CVE-2022-41123Elevation of PrivilegeImportantCVSS:3.1 7.8 / 6.8
CVE-2022-41079Elevation of PrivilegeImportantCVSS:3.1 8.0 / 7.0
CVE-2022-41080Elevation of PrivilegeCriticalCVSS:3.1 8.8 / 7.7

The following Security Updates address these vulnerability for the Exchange builds mentioned, with the exception of CVE-2022-41123 which does not apply to Exchange Server 2013:

ExchangeDownloadBuildKBSupersedes
Exchange 2019 CU12Download15.2.1118.20KB5019758KB5019077
Exchange 2019 CU11Download15.2.986.36KB5019758KB5019077
Exchange 2016 CU23Download15.1.2507.16KB5019758KB5019077
Exchange 2016 CU22Download15.1.2375.37KB5019758KB5019077
Exchange 2013 CU23Download15.0.1497.44KB5019758KB5019076

In case you missed it, per the Security Updates of August, you can enable Windows Extended Protection for increased protection against certain vulnerabilities. More information this process and its requirements can be found in the post on the August updates here.

Security updates are Cumulative Update level specific. You cannot apply the update for Exchange 2019 CU12 to Exchange 2019 CU11. Also, the security update download has the same name for different Cumulative Updates, and I would suggest tagging the file name with the CU level, e.g. Exchange2019-CU12-KBXXXXXX-x64-en.msp.

Exchange servers running as part of hybrid deployment are running services, and thus need to be included in the patch cycle. If you are running Exchange 2019 CU12 Management Tools-only (for recipient management), you do not need to deploy this SU.

On a final note, as with any patch or update, Iā€™d recommend to apply this in a test environment first, prior to implementing it in production. However, it is not recommended to wait for regular maintenance cycles when it concerns security updates, and follow a more agile approach; the ratings are an indication of the urgency.

Security Updates Exchange 2013-2019 (Oct2022)


The Exchange product group released October updates for Exchange Server 2013, 2016 and 2019. Note that these Security Updates do NOT address the vulnerabilities CVE-2022-41040 and CVE-2022-41082 that have been reported on since end of September. For now, mitigate those by follow the instructions mentioned an earlier post here.

The vulnerabilities addressed in these Security Updates are mostly the same as the ones addressed by the Security Updates of August, with the exception of CVE-2022-34692. Also, the CVSS rating of CVE-2022-30134 has been adjusted:

VulnerabilityCategorySeverityRating
CVE-2022-21979Information DisclosureImportantCVSS:3.1 4.8 / 4.2
CVE-2022-21980Elevation of PrivilegeCriticalCVSS:3.1 8.0 / 7.0
CVE-2022-24477Elevation of PrivilegeCriticalCVSS:3.1 8.0 / 7.0
CVE-2022-24516Elevation of PrivilegeCriticalCVSS:3.1 8.0 / 7.0
CVE-2022-30134Elevation of PrivilegeImportantCVSS:3.1 6.5 / 5.7
(was CVSS:3.1 7.6 / 6.6)

The following Security Updates address these vulnerability for the Exchange builds mentioned:

ExchangeDownloadBuildKBSupersedes
Exchange 2019 CU12Download15.2.1118.15KB5019077KB5015322
Exchange 2019 CU11Download15.2.986.30KB5019077KB5015322
Exchange 2016 CU23Download15.1.2507.13KB5019077KB5015322
Exchange 2016 CU22Download15.1.2375.32KB5019077KB5015322
Exchange 2013 CU23Download15.0.1497.42KB5019076KB5015321

In case you missed it, per the Security Updates of August, you can enable Windows Extended Protection for increased protection against certain vulnerabilities. More information this process and its requirements can be found in the post on the August updates here.

Be advised that these security updates are Cumulative Update level specific. You cannot apply the update for Exchange 2019 CU12 to Exchange 2019 CU11. Also, the security update download has the same name for different Cumulative Updates, and I would suggest tagging the file name with the CU level, e.g. Exchange2019-CU12-KBXXXXXX-x64-en.msp.

Exchange servers running as part of hybrid deployment are running services, and thus need to be included in the patch cycle. If you are running Exchange 2019 CU12 Management Tools-only (for recipient management), you do not need to deploy this SU.

On a final note, as with any patch or update, Iā€™d recommend to apply this in a test environment first, prior to implementing it in production. However, it is not recommended to wait for regular maintenance cycles when it concerns security updates, and follow a more agile approach; the ratings are an indication of the urgency.

Security Updates Exchange 2013-2019 (Aug2022)


The Exchange product group released Augustus updates for Exchange Server 2013, 2016 and 2019.

Note that per the previous May cycle, Security Updates will be packaged in an executable wrapper. This should trigger the running elevated prompt, thus preventing any potential issues when admins simply double-click the .MSP file. More about the new package format, options for logging and command-line switches are mentioned in an article dedicated to the change of distribution method here.

Windows Extended Protection
Special attention in this cycle for Windows Extended Protection, which needs to be enabled to address certain vulnerabilities. WEP is ONLY supported for specific versions of Exchange server – see the documentation for details regarding requirements and known issues. TLDR; – list might change over time, consult the pages linked earlier:

  • Requirements
    • Supported on Exchange 2013 CU23, Exchange 2016 CU22 and Exchange Server 2019 CU11 or later, with the August 2022 Security Updates installed.
    • Cannot be enabled on Exchange Server 2013 servers hosting Public Folders in co-existence with Exchange 2016/2019.
    • Cannot be enabled on Exchange 2016 CU22 or Exchange 2019 CU11 or older hosting a Public Folder Hierarchy.
    • Does not work with hybrid servers using Modern Hybrid configuration.
    • SSL Offloading scenarios are currently not supported.
    • Consistent TLS configuration is required across all Exchange servers.
  • Known Issues
    • Retention Policies using action Move to Archive stops working.
    • In Exchange 2013, the MAPI over HTTP probe OutlookMapiHttpCtpProbe might show FAILED.

To perform prerequisite checks and implement WEP, a supporting script ExchangeExtendedProtectionManagement.ps1 has been published. Since enabling WEP impacts how clients and Exchange server communicates, it is highly recommended to test this first on your specific configuration, especially with 3rd party products, before enabling it in production.

Security Updates
So, on with the security updates. The vulnerabilities addressed in the Security Updates for August are:

VulnerabilityCategorySeverityRating
CVE-2022-21979Information DisclosureImportantCVSS:3.1 4.8 / 4.2
CVE-2022-21980Elevation of PrivilegeCriticalCVSS:3.1 8.0 / 7.0
CVE-2022-24477Elevation of PrivilegeCriticalCVSS:3.1 8.0 / 7.0
CVE-2022-24516Elevation of PrivilegeCriticalCVSS:3.1 8.0 / 7.0
CVE-2022-30134Elevation of PrivilegeImportantCVSS:3.1 7.6 / 6.6
CVE-2022-34692Information DisclosureImportantCVSS:3.1 5.3 / 4.6

The following Security Updates address this vulnerability:

ExchangeDownloadBuildKBSupersedes
Exchange 2019 CU12Download15.2.1118.12KB5015322KB5014261
Exchange 2019 CU11Download15.2.986.29KB5015322KB5014261
Exchange 2016 CU23Download15.1.2507.12KB5015322KB5014261
Exchange 2016 CU22Download15.1.2375.31KB5015322KB5014261
Exchange 2013 CU23Download15.0.1497.40KB5015321KB5014260

These Security Updates also fix the following issues:

  • KB5017261 Start-DatabaseAvailabilityGroup fails with BlockedDeserializeTypeException
  • KB5017430 E-Discovery search fails in Exchange Online

Be advised that these security updates are Cumulative Update level specific. You cannot apply the update for Exchange 2019 CU12 to Exchange 2019 CU11. Also, the security update download has the same name for different Cumulative Updates, and I would suggest tagging the file name with the CU level, e.g. Exchange2019-CU12-KBXXXXXX-x64-en.msp.

Exchange servers running as part of hybrid deployment are running services, and thus need to be included in the patch cycle. If you are running Exchange 2019 CU12 Management Tools-only (for recipient management), you do not need to deploy this SU.

On a final note, as with any patch or update, Iā€™d recommend to apply this in a test environment first, prior to implementing it in production. However, it is not recommended to wait for regular maintenance cycles when it concerns security updates, and follow a more agile approach; the ratings are an indication of the urgency.